The typical homeowner is only familiar with the part of their water system that includes the faucets and inside controls. However, your well is made up of many components that extend beyond your home and down into the earth. Understanding how they work together can help you troubleshoot problems with your system and see the importance of properly maintaining them throughout their life.
What is a Water Well Pressure Tank?
Working backward from your faucets, the first part of your well system you will encounter is the pressure tank. The pressure tank is located inside your home and provides storage space for water locally. The inside of the pressure tank contains a rubber bladder device which measures the pressure inside the tank at all times. If the pressure falls below a certain level, the tank relays the information to the pump and causes the pump to turn on. As the tank fills up, the pressure rises until it reaches the cutoff point. The tank acts as a protective barrier between you and your pump, allowing you to draw water from storage without having to cycle the pump on every single time. This minimizes wear on your pump and extends its lifespan drastically.
What is a Water Well's Pitless Adapter?
Further back from your tank is the pitless adapter. This is a section of the pump that is used to discharge water in your system. It is buried 6-7 feet below the surface in your service pipeline. Keeping it at this depth ensures that the adapter and discharge nozzle do not freeze during the winter, or become contaminated by outside debris. Your pitless adapter can be serviced through the well casing that extends above ground when the cover is removed. It is important to keep the well casing covered when the system is not being serviced to protect the entire system from dirt and other debris.
What is a Well Pump?
The final piece of the puzzle is the pump itself. The well pump is responsible for drawing water up into your system and moving it into your house. Pumps come in a variety of sizes based on the needs of the system itself. Most pumps are designed to deliver up to ten gallons of water per minute to the household. The correct pump will take into account the diameter of your well, the water table level, the size of the home, the amount of water being used, and the peak demand that the system will see. There are also two different kinds of pumps available: submersible and jet pumps. Submersible pumps sit below the water, pushing water upwards, while jet pumps sit above the water, pulling it upwards.
All of these components work together to create a complete water system. It is important that you maintain each piece correctly to ensure that your water system stays healthy long term. You should contact your local well servicing company once a year to handle routine inspections and maintenance. Skillings & Sons is available any time of the year to take care of your water system and troubleshoot any problems you may have. Contact to discuss your water well needs.